Knee Osteoarthritis Patients Receive Little Benefit From Bisphosphonates
Bisphosphonates did not provide symptomatic relief nor defer radiographic progression of knee osteoarthritis in this study.
For patients with knee osteoarthritis, bisphosphonates neither provide symptomatic relief nor defer radiographic progression, according to data presented at the 2017 ACR/ARHP Annual Meeting.
Previous studies have suggested that bisphosphonates may be effective for osteoarthritis based on their ability to "limit excessive bone remodelling and block osteoclast-mediated pain pathways", however major methodological flaws may have led to misleading conclusions.
For this study, the researchers searched multiple databases for randomized controlled trials that included knee osteoarthritis patients who were treated with bisphosphonates and where validated pain and function scales, radiographic progression and adverse events were reported.
Seven studies were included in the analysis (n = 3013) with most patients receiving oral risedronate, as well as concomitant nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
"No pain or function outcomes, regardless of dose, route, time point or measuring instrument, revealed statistically significant results," said the authors, "Similarly, we found no statistically significant effect on radiographic progression."
However, the authors noted, for patients who show high rates of subchondral bone turnover, these agents may still be beneficial. "Future studies should be directed at defining such [osteoarthritis] subsets and investigating the effects of bisphosphonates in those patients," the authors concluded.
Osani MC, Vaysbrot E, Bannuru RR, Musetti MC, McAlindon TE. Are bisphosphonates efficacious in knee osteoarthritis? A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Presented at: 2017 ACR/ARHP Annual Meeting; November 3-8, 2017; San Diego, CA. Abstract 1194.