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Cardiovascular changes associated with AS may begin early in the disease process. Thus, assessment of cardiovascular risk should be routine for all patients affected with this disease. Preventing CVD or cardiovascular death depends on early identification and effective management of traditional cardiovascular risk factors such as hypertension or hypercholesterolemia. Despite their importance, screening and treatment of CVD risk factors in patients with rheumatic diseases are often suboptimal. One reason for suboptimal management may be confusion over who is responsible for monitoring cardiovascular risk in patients with AS.[14] The lack of disease-specific guidelines for risk assessment is another concern. Ensuring patients with AS are screened and managed appropriately for CVD will require collaboration between the rheumatologist or specialist nurse, the general practitioner, and the patient.[14]

Cardiovascular Risk Higher Among Black Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis

Researchers found that data showed that a high percentage of black patients with rheumatoid arthritis had a cardiovascular disease factor and that about half had specific rheumatoid arthritis risk factors, such as joint erosions, elevated inflammatory markers, extra-articular disease, and body mass indexes below 20, which requires effective intervention.
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