HealthDay News — According to a study published in the Journal of Food Protection, water temperature matters less than time spent scrubbing for effective hand hygiene.1

Researchers contaminated the hands of volunteers with high levels of a harmless bacteria several times over six months. The participants were then asked to wash their hands in 60-degree, 79-degree or 100-degree water.

The team found cold water to be as effective as hot in eradicating harmful bacteria and other germs. What’s more important, they researchers said, is that people scrub their hands with soap for at least 10 seconds. The amount of soap the people used didn’t affect the findings.

Continue Reading

“Understanding what behaviors and human factors most influence hand washing may help researchers find techniques to optimize the effectiveness of hand washing,” the authors write.

Related Articles


  1. Jensen DA, Macinga DR, Shumaker DJ, Bellino R, Arbogast JW, Schaffner DW. Quantifying the effects of water temperature, soap volume, lather time, and antimicrobial soap as variables in the removal of escherichia coli ATCC 11229 from hands. J Food Prot. 2017; 80(6):1022-1031. doi: 10.4315/0362-028X.JFP-16-370